The capital of Azerbaijan, where past and present are intricately intertwined, has always attracted tourists. Of particular interest to guests of Baku is the Old City or Icheri Sheher (Inner City) with its fortress walls and Maiden Tower. These fascinating structures are in fact included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Of no less interest for visitors is the modern appearance of the capital. Among the new landmarks of Baku one can distinguish the magnificent Flame Towers building, Heydar Aliyev Center and the sports, leisure and entertainment complex, Crystal Hall.
Washed by the waters of the Caspian Sea, Absheron is especially famous for its sandy beaches and numerous suburban settlements as well as the developed infrastructure of its hotels, water parks, cafés and restaurants. The Absheron Peninsula has preserved a number of historical monuments: the “Ateshgah” fire temple (XVII-XVIII centuries), The 14th Century Nardaran Castle, the Round Castle (1232) and Quadrangular Castle (XII century) in Mardakan settlement, the 14th Century castle in Ramana and others.
Sixty km south of Baku, in an area covering 537 hectares, there is the magnificent and fascinating Gobustan National Historical-Artistic Reserve. This is one of the world’s largest ancient petroglyph complexes, boasting more than 4,000 petroglyphs on the site. The Cultural Landscape of Gobustan petroglyph is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.